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軌枕又(you)稱(chen)枕木,也是鐵路配(pei)件(jian)的一種

The sleeper is also called the sleepers, but also parts of a railway

只不過(guo)現在所用(yong)材料不僅僅是木材,因此叫軌枕更加科學。 別(bie)看軌枕的模樣單調(diao)劃(hua)一,貌不驚人,它的作用(yong)可不小。軌枕既(ji)要支承(cheng)鋼(gang)軌,又(you)要保持鋼(gang)軌的位(wei)置,還要把(ba)鋼(gang)軌傳(chuan)遞(di)來的巨(ju)大壓力再傳(chuan)遞(di)給(gei)道床。它須具備柔韌性(xing)和(he)彈性(xing),硬(ying)了不行,軟了也不行。列車經過(guo)時,它可以適當變形(xing)以緩沖壓力,但(dan)列車過(guo)後還得盡(jin)可能(neng)恢復原狀(zhuang)。

Only now, not just the materials used in wood, so called sleeper more scientific. Don't look like uniform monotone sleeper, appearance is not breathtaking, its role can not small. Necessary to support rail sleepers, but also to maintain the rail position, but also to pass the rail pressure before being passed to the ballast. It must have a certain flexibility and elasticity, hard not soft line. After the train, it can be deformed due to buffer the pressure, but after the train had as much as possible restitution.

水泥軌枕也叫混凝土枕
又(you)稱(chen)
 枕

Concrete sleeper is also called the concrete pillow,
also known as the concrete sleeper

由混凝土,鋼(gang)筋,組合(he)而成,外表堅(jian)硬(ying),使用(yong)壽(shou)命長

Made of concrete, steel, combination, hard appearance, long service life

水泥枕軌產品分zhi)/h2> Product classification

水泥枕木按照(zhao)安裝方式可分為U型環式和(he)螺(luo)栓(shuan)壓板式

Concrete sleepers are in accordance with the installation can be divided into U type ring type and plate type bolt

水泥枕木U型環的軌枕安裝方便,只需(xu)將鋼(gang)軌放到兩個U型環之間,下面(mian)墊上橡膠墊板,然(ran)後用(yong)大錘砸下U型環壓住(zhu)鋼(gang)軌。水泥枕木螺(luo)栓(shuan)壓板的是用(yong)T型螺(luo)栓(shuan)從(cong)軌枕下面(mian)預留孔中穿出(chu)上面(mian)固定(ding)住(zhu)壓板壓住(zhu)鋼(gang)軌,一根軌枕需(xu)要4套螺(luo)栓(shuan),4個壓板,2個橡膠墊板,這種軌枕養護方便,可以重復利用(yong)。

The cement sleeper sleeper U type ring has the advantages of convenient installation, only the rail put between the two U ring, the following mat rubber pad, and then use a sledgehammer smashing U type ring down rail. The cement sleeper bolt plate is used in T type bolt from the sleeper reserved under the hole above fixed platen presses the rail, a sleeper needs 4 sets of bolt, 4 plate, 2 rubber pad, the sleeper maintenance convenient, can use repeatedly

水泥枕軌產品分zhi)/h2> Product advantage

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General specifications
名稱(chen) 寬(kuan)度(mm) 厚度(mm) 長度(mm) 備注
備注 220 160 2500 共計(ji)16個長度規格
道岔枕木(普通(tong)) 220 160 2600-4850,以150mm進位(wei) /
道岔枕木(標準) 240 160 2600-4800,以200mm進位(wei) 共計(ji)12個長度規格
橋梁枕木 220 240、260、280、300 3000 /

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Sleeper spacing

軌枕的間距應根據(ju)運量、行車速度及道床類型等條件(jian)決定(ding)。間距較小時,路基、道床、鋼(gang)軌以及軌枕本身所受(shou)作用(yong)力均小,但(dan)間距過(guo)小則增加工程費用(yong),且(qie)影響道床的搗固作業。軌枕間距一般為52~62厘米(mi)zhu)V泄guo)鐵路一般以每公里鋪設軌枕的根數間接顯(xian)示軌枕間距。

Sleeper spacing should be decided according to the vehicle speed and traffic volume, ballast type conditions. Spacing is small, the roadbed, ballast, rail and sleepers are forces suffered their own small, but the spacing is too small to increase the project cost, and the effect of the ballast tamping. Sleeper spacing is generally 52 ~ 62 cm. China Railway General laid per kilometer root number sleeper indirect display sleeper spacing.

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The safety rules
  • 軌枕公路運輸應使用(yong)帶有固定(ding)架的車輛,運輸車應與軌枕尺寸相(xiang)適應,裝車層數不多(duo)于(yu)6層,裝車後應綁扎牢固,嚴防運輸途中發生位(wei)移。

    Sleeper road transport should be used with a fixed frame of the vehicle, vehicles should be compatible with the sleeper size, loading layers of not more than 6 layer, after loading shall be bond firmly, prevent the transit of displacement.
  • 軌枕鐵路運輸應按鐵路部門批準的裝車方案進行裝車。

    Sleeper railway transportation should loading scheme according to the railway departments approved for loading.
  • 裝車時,每摞(luo)軌枕之間塞(sai)兩塊三角楔木,防止軌枕運輸過(guo)程中踫撞、損壞(huai)。

    When loading, between each stack of sleeper plug two block triangular wedge of wood, to prevent damage during transport collision, sleeper.
  • (1) 抬運混凝土枕應4人一根;橋枕、岔枕等應增加扛抬人員。

    (1) carrying a concrete sleeper should be 4 people a pillow, pillow etc.; bridge fork lift personnel should be increased.
  • 軌枕鐵路運輸應按鐵路部門批準的裝車方案進行裝車。

    Sleeper railway transportation should loading scheme according to the railway departments approved for loading.
  • (2) 抬運軌枕時,掛枕應牢靠(kao),抬運應平穩,放置時步調(diao)應一致。

    (2) carrying a sleeper, hanging pillow should be firm, lifted should be smooth, placed when the pace should be consistent.
  • 軌枕鐵路運輸應按鐵路部門批準的裝車方案進行裝車。

    Sleeper railway transportation should loading scheme according to the railway departments approved for loading.
  • (3) 單人扛運木枕應有固定(ding)人員搭肩。到達指定(ding)地點放置時,應先將木枕一端(duan)著地,使木枕豎立(li),然(ran)後放下,不應聳肩摔擲(zhi),避免(mian)踫撞他(ta)人。

    (4) single carry wood should be fixed personnel shoulder. Arrived at the designated location for placement, should first be a sleeper end, make the sleeper is erect, and then down, should not shrug a throw, avoid collisions with others.
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